TOBRUK, Libya: Libya’s new interim Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibah pledged to unite divided Libya as he was sworn in yesterday, preparing to steer the war-torn country to December elections. The North African nation descended into conflict after dictator Muammar Gaddafi was toppled and killed in a NATO-backed uprising in 2011, with an array of forces battling to fill the void.
A United Nations-supervised process is working to unite the country, building on an October ceasefire between rival administrations in the country’s east and west. Dbeibah, selected at UN-sponsored talks in February alongside an interim three-member presidency council, took the oath of office in front of lawmakers in the eastern city of Tobruk. More than 1,000 km from the capital Tripoli in the west, Tobruk has been the seat of Libya’s elected parliament since 2014.
Dbeibah’s swearing-in comes after parliament last week approved his cabinet, in a move hailed by key leaders and foreign powers as “historic”. The government pledged to “preserve the unity, security and integrity” of Libya with Dbeibah insisting that his cabinet “will be the government of all Libyans”. “Libya is one and united,” he said.
Several ambassadors attended the ceremony alongside parliament speaker Aguila Saleh. “The time has come for us to shake hands,” Saleh said, calling on Libyans to “turn the page on the past” and seek national reconciliation. The EU’s envoy to Libya, Jose Sabadell, welcomed the signing-in with the Arabic word “mabrouk”: “Congratulations”. “Proud to have been part of this event in Tobruk,” he tweeted, adding that the ceremony carried “strong messages… on the need for elections” in December.
Dbeibah’s government includes two deputy prime ministers, 26 ministers and six ministers of state, with five posts including the key foreign affairs and justice portfolios handed to women, a first in Libya. The new administration is expected to replace both the UN-recognized Government of National Accord, based in Tripoli, and a parallel cabinet headquartered in the east, under the de facto control of forces backing military strongman Khalifa Haftar.
Turkey has propped up the GNA, while Haftar’s administration has drawn on support from the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Russia. Outgoing GNA head Fayez al-Sarraj has said he is “fully ready to hand over” power, while Haftar last month offered “the support of the armed forces for the peace process”. But the new executive faces daunting challenges to unify the country’s institutions, end a decade of fighting marked by international interference and prepare for elections on Dec 24.
Mohamed Al-Manfi, who heads the presidency council selected with Dbeibah last month also vowed to help cement unity before elections. “We must be the nucleus of reconciliation ahead of the elections,” Manfi said. Dbeibah, 61, a wealthy businessman from the western port city of Misrata, once held posts under Gaddafi but has shown no clear ideological position.
During Gaddafi’s rule, his family was one of the many beneficiaries of an industrial and economic boom in Misrata. Dbeibah is also known to be supportive of the Muslim Brotherhood and close to Turkey. He holds a master’s degree from the University of Toronto in engineering, expertise which introduced him to Gaddafi’s inner circle and led him to head a company managing huge construction projects.
Dbeibah was considered an outsider compared to other candidates vying for the job, and his election process has been marred by allegations of vote-buying. But he has jumped into his role even before his inauguration. On Saturday he launched a national conference on combatting coronavirus, while in a bid to battle corruption he has ordered investment and other financial firms to freeze all their operations.
But after 42 years of dictatorship under Gaddafi and a decade of violence, the list of challenges is long. Libya’s population of seven million, sitting atop Africa’s largest proven crude oil reserves, faces a dire economic crisis with soaring unemployment, crippling inflation and endemic corruption. Another key challenge will be ensuring the departure of an estimated 20,000 mercenaries and foreign fighters still in the country, whose presence Dbeibah has called “a stab in our back”. The UN Security Council on Friday called for all foreign forces to leave “without further delay”. – AFP