Pakistan News

Prime Minister Imran Khan on Monday met US President Donald Trump in New York City ahead of the 74th session of the United Nations General Assembly opening on September 24.

Addressing a joint press conference alongside Prime Minister Imran ahead of their meeting, Trump once again offered to mediate between Pakistan and India on the Kashmir issue.

"If I can help, I will certainly do that," he said. "If both (Pakistan and India) want, I am ready, willing and able to do it."

The US president noted that Kashmir's was a complex issue that had been going on for a long time, but emphasised that arbitration could not be carried out unless both parties involved welcome it.

Trump said he has a "very good relationship" with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi as well as with Prime Minister Imran. He said he has never failed as an arbitrator in the past and would be available to help if asked.

Avoiding to directly answer a question about UN resolutions on Kashmir, Trump reiterated that he is ready to play his role in South Asia if both India and Pakistan are willing.

Speaking about the US-Pakistan relationship, Trump said: "People in my position have treated Pakistan very badly."

"I trust Pakistan but people before me didn't, but they didn't know what they were doing," he said in response to a question.

White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney (L), National Security Advisor Robert O'Brien (C) and Senior Adviser Jared Kushner (R) attend a meeting between US President Donald Trump and Prime Minister Imran Khan in New York. — AFP
White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney (L), National Security Advisor Robert O'Brien (C) and Senior Adviser Jared Kushner (R) attend a meeting between US President Donald Trump and Prime Minister Imran Khan in New York. — AFP

 

"I trust this gentleman right here," he added, pointing to Prime Minister Imran.

Trump said he has a lot of Pakistani friends in New York who are "smart" and "great negotiators".

Commenting on Pakistan's progress to counter terrorism, the US president said: "I have heard they have made great progress and I think he (Imran) wants to make great progress."

Asked whether he is concerned about the human rights situation in occupied Kashmir, Trump said: "Sure. I'd like to see everything work out. I want everybody to be treated well."

Without specifying, Trump said he had heard a "very aggressive" statement from Modi on Sunday, adding: "I hope they (Pakistan and India) are going to be able to come together and do something that's really smart and good for both.

"There is always a solution and I do believe that there is a solution."

In his remarks on Kashmir, Prime Minister Imran said Trump heads the most powerful country in the world, which has a responsibility to resolve disputes.

"We look to the US to put out flames in the world," he added.

He said even though Trump had offered to mediate, India was refusing to talk to Pakistan. "In this situation, I feel that this is the beginning of a crisis. I honestly feel that the crisis is going to get much bigger [considering] what is happening in Kashmir," cautioned.

Answering a question, Trump termed Iran as the "number one state of terror in the world".

He said Iran is "doing very poorly". He added when he took office, "Iran was a real threat to the entire Middle East and maybe beyond. And now they are having very very big difficulties to put it mildly."

The meeting — which started after 10pm and is reported to be the first of two between the leaders during the UN session — follows a "Howdy, Modi!" rally in Houston on Sunday in which the US president and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi shared a stage and showered each other with praise.

Trump and Imran last met in July at the Oval office. During their first one-on-one interaction, the US president had expressed his willingness to mediate between India and Pakistan to resolve the 70-year-old Kashmir dispute — an offer he has repeated but has been rejected by India.

Tensions between India and Pakistan reached a feverish pitch on August 5, when New Delhi unilaterally annexed occupied Kashmir, revoking a constitutional guarantee that gave a special status to the disputed territory. A strict lockdown and communications blackout was imposed in the region that has snapped off ordinary people's internet and mobile telephone service across much of occupied Kashmir. It has now entered its 50th day.

President Trump’s recent comments on Kashmir and India-Pakistan relations have triggered speculations about an indirect dialogue between the two South Asian neighbours during the UNGA, with Washington playing the role of a facilitator.

Last week, President Trump told reporters at a White House briefing that “a lot of progress” has been made in defusing India-Pakistan tensions and his statement has strengthened these speculations.

After it was confirmed that Trump would meet both Indian and Pakistani prime ministers before and during the UNGA, diplomatic observers in Washington said the possibility that he may use the meetings to discuss the situation in Kashmir is stronger than ever before.

Nobel Prize

When told that he could get a Nobel prize if he helped resolve the Kashmir dispute, Mr Trump said: “I would get a Nobel prize for a lot of things, if they give it out fairly, which they don’t.”

Mr Trump said he did not know why one of the world’s most prestigious accolades was awarded to his predecessor in the White House Barack Obama in 2009.

“They gave one to Obama immediately upon his ascent to the presidency and he had no idea why he got it. You know what? That was the only thing I agreed with him on,” Mr Trump said.

He said that previous US presidents had treated Pakistan unfairly, but he was not going to do so.

He also emphasised the need to “double, triple and even quadruple” bilateral trade between the United States and Pakistan.

'Mission Kashmir'

Prime Minister Imran, who has declared himself an ambassador of Kashmiris, spent the second day of his seven-day visit to the United Nations briefing US lawmakers, scholars, human rights activists and the media on the repercussions of the Indian annexation of the disputed Kashmir valley.

The lawmakers who called on the prime minister on Sunday included US Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer and Chair­man of the Senate Judiciary Committee Lindsey Graham.

Senator Graham was also among those four US senators who wrote a letter to President Trump last week, asking him to take immediate action to end deepening humanitarian crisis in occupied Kashmir.

Premier's engagements

Ahead of his meeting with Trump, Prime Minister Imran on Monday spoke at an event at the think tank, Council on Foreign Relations. He also addressed the UN Climate Change Summit and the Summit on Universal Health Care.

The premier today also held a meeting with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson. He is also expected to meet China's Vice President Wang Qishan.

 

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi also called on Prime Minister Imran in New York today.

On Saturday, the premier met with the founder the Kashmir Study Group Farooq Kathwari during which he urged Kathwari to continue informing the world about India's illegal occupation and human rights violations in occupied Kashmir so that they could see the real face of Modi's government.

Prime Minister Imran Khan, right, speaks during the Climate Action Summit 2019 at UN headquarters on Monday. From left are Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales, Democratic Republic of Congo President Felix Tshisekedi, Norway's Prime Minister Erna Solberg. — AP
Prime Minister Imran Khan, right, speaks during the Climate Action Summit 2019 at UN headquarters on Monday. From left are Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales, Democratic Republic of Congo President Felix Tshisekedi, Norway's Prime Minister Erna Solberg. — AP

 

Read: PM Imran meets US envoy Khalilzad, Senator Graham in New York

On Sunday, US special envoy for Afghan peace process Zalmay Khalilzad had a meeting with the prime minister. The prime minister also met Amnesty International’s secretary general Komi Naidoo and discussed with him the dire human rights and humanitarian situation in occupied Jammu and Kashmir.

Prime Minister Imran is due to address the UN General Assembly on September 27. He has already announced that he will highlight the Kashmir issue in his address, exposing the ethical and legal bankruptcy of India’s annexation of occupied Kashmir.

 

 

Rights activist Gulalai Ismail escaped Pakistani authorities last month and has reached the United States, where she has applied for political asylum, the New York Times reported on Thursday.

The US publication said that the 32-year-old is currently residing with her sister in Brooklyn, New York.

She has not disclosed how she managed to leave the country. All she revealed was: “I didn’t fly out of any airport.”

“I can’t tell you any more,” NYT quoted her as saying during an interview. “My exit story will put many lives at risk.”

According to NYT, no government officials were willing to make a public comment on the matter. Security officials said that they had suspected Ismail had left the country.

In November last year, the Islamabad High Court was informed that Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) had recommended putting Ismail’s name on the Exit Control List (ECL) for her alleged anti-state activities abroad.

Following a petition by Ismail challenging the government’s decision to put her name on the ECL, the Islamabad High Court had ordered the removal of her name from the list.

The court, however, had allowed the interior ministry to take appropriate action, including confiscation of her passport, in the light of recommendations made by ISI.

According to the NYT report, Ismail had remained a fugitive since late May. "Security services were searching for her in every corner of the country, raiding her friends’ houses and closing in on her family," it said.

The report added that Ismail is still worried about her parents in Islamabad "who face charges of financing terrorism and remain under heavy surveillance".

In recent days, she has reportedly met with various "human rights defenders" in the US and staffs of congressional leaders.

“I will do everything I can to support Gulalai’s asylum request,” said Senator Charles Schumer, a member of the Democrat Party in New York. “It is clear that her life would be in danger if she were to return to Pakistan.”

Ismail has launched a research and advocacy group called Voices for Peace and Democracy aimed at protecting women in the conflict-hit zones of the world. "She is also thinking of law school," reported NYT.

 
 
The Indian government has formally submitted a request for Prime Minister Narendra Modi to use Pakistani airspace for his flight to the United States, diplomatic sources said on Wednesday. — AFP/File
The Indian government has formally submitted a request for Prime Minister Narendra Modi to use Pakistani airspace for his flight to the United States, diplomatic sources said on Wednesday. — AFP/File

The government on Wednesday announced its decision not to grant India's request for Prime Minister Narendra Modi to use Pakistani airspace for his flight to Germany.

Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi said that the decision has been made "keeping in view the situation in occupied Kashmir".

"A request was received from India saying that Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi seeks to use Pakistani airspace for an overflight on the 20th to Germany and wishes to use the same for a return flight on the 28th," said the foreign minister in a video statement.

"Keeping in view the situation in occupied Kashmir and India's attitude witnessed in the tyranny and oppression [suffered by Kashmiris] and the violations of rights in the region, we have decided not to grant this request," he said.

 

 

The Indian government had formally submitted a request last week for the use of Pakistani airspace following which Pakistan looked into calling a high-level advisory meeting on the matter, according to diplomatic sources.

The sources had told DawnNewsTV that Modi's flight would pass over Pakistani airspace on September 20 on his way to the US where he will attend the United Nations General Assembly and address a gathering of Indian-Americans in Houston.

Prime Minister Imran Khan will also address the UNGA on September 27.

As per international law, the sources had said, Pakistan is bound to grant permission to the Indian premier. If it is rejected, India can appeal to the International Civil Aviation Organisation as a result of which Pakistan may be required to pay a hefty fine.

The request comes at a time of high tension between Pakistan and India following the Indian government's decision to unilaterally revoke Article 370 of its constitution, which granted special autonomy to occupied Kashmir. A communications blackout and heavy restrictions on movement imposed by the Indian authorities from the eve of this development have been in place for 45 days now.

Earlier in September, Pakistan had decided to refuse a request by India to allow its president Ram Nath Kovind to use Pakistani airspace for his flight to Iceland.

The government had also considered closing the entire Pakistani airspace to Indian flights. However, no decision was taken on the matter.

In February, Pakistan had closed its airspace to Indian traffic after aerial dogfights following the Pulwama attack ratcheted up tensions between Islamabad and New Delhi. It reopened its skies for all civilian traffic in July, ending months of restrictions affecting major international routes.

Following this, in August, Modi used Pakistan's airspace to travel to France for an official visit.

Prime Minister Imran Khan inaugurates the 24/7 Torkhan border crossing on Wednesday. — Photo courtesy PTI Twitter/File

PESHAWAR: Pledging to present the “Kashmir case” at the United Nations General Assembly “like no one ever did before”, Prime Minister Imran Khan on Wednesday said there was no use talking to India unless it lifted curfew and restored the special status of held Kashmir.

“To India’s misfortune, it has been taken over by extremist and racist Hindus. Only a person with an extremist mindset would do what they have done in Kashmir by keeping it under curfew for 45 days,” he said at a presser after inaugurating the Integrated Transit Trade Management System at the Pak-Afghan border.

Torkham, located 55km northwest of here, serves as one of the major border crossings with Afghanistan. The new management system has allowed for round-the-clock trade and immigration facilities at the border crossing.

“I consider this to be a very historic day,” said Mr Khan, who was the first elected prime minister ever to visit the border crossing at Torkham.

Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi accompanied the prime minister. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Chief Minister Mahmood Khan and Governor Shah Farman received PM Khan at the helipad in Torkham.

The Governor of Afghanistan’s Nangarhar province, Hayatullah Hayat, had driven to Torkham on special invitation to attend the ceremony.

Imran says those wanting to go and fight in occupied valley will do great injustice to Kashmiris; Trump will be asked to resume Afghan peace talks

Prime Minister Khan came down hard on the Indian leadership, whose RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) ideology, he said, had led them to hate Muslims and Pakistan. “Their entire policy towards Pakistan is a policy of hatred. This is the RSS policy of hatred towards Muslims. So unless they lift curfew in held Kashmir and rescind the revocation of Article 370, there is no chance of negotiations [with India],” he declared.

Mr Khan is due to address the 74th session of the UN General Assembly later this month.

When a reporter pointedly asked if Pakistan would permit those eager to fight for the Kashmiris, the prime minister said anyone wanting to go and fight in India-held Kashmir would do a great injustice to the Kashmiris by undermining their legitimate cause. “Anyone from Pakistan wanting to fight in Kashmir or go for jihad in Kashmir would do the greatest injustice to the Kashmiris. Such an act would be an act of animosity towards the Kashmiris,” he emphasised.

He said that India, while keeping 900,000 troops in Kashmir, had always been blaming Pakistan for instability in the held territory. “Anyone going from here will give them the pretext to blame Pakistan for cross-border terrorism and infiltrating terrorists,” he said.

Mr Khan said India had accused Pakistan of cross-border terrorism. “The entire world’s attention was drawn towards us, Pakistan,” he said. “Now India is stuck,” he said while referring to international concerns over the state of affairs in the held valley. “And the pressure is building up day by day,” he added.

“Now this is what I am going to say. Anyone making any such attempt [to cross over into Kashmir to fight] would be an enemy of Pakistan as well as an enemy of Kashmiris,” he asserted.

US-Taliban talks

Prime Minister Khan said Pakistan did all that was in its power to facilitate talks between the United States and the Afghan Taliban. “We arranged for the meetings and facilitated the travel of Afghan Taliban to Qatar. Even the Americans acknowledge this. We went to the extent of not participating in the peace talks. We didn’t participate in the talks. Had we known there was some problem, we would have made more efforts,” he added.

“You are right,” PM Khan said when this reporter asked if he too was taken by surprise by US President Donald Trump’s sudden cancellation of peace talks with the Taliban. “We read about the breakdown in talks in newspapers,” he said.

“This is very tragic. They were close to signing a peace agreement,” Mr Khan said, adding: “I have a meeting with President Trump in New York on Monday and would insist that peace dialogue resume.”

The prime minister said peace in Afghanistan was important for Pakistan, adding that Islamabad had tried to convince the Taliban to sit down with the Afghan government and conclude a peace agreement ahead of the elections. He said peace in Afghanistan would open up trade with Central Asian republics which were more than keen to expand trade ties with Pakistan through the Gwadar port.

Mr Khan noted that with the opening of 24/7 trade services at Torkham, trade between Pakistan and Afghanistan had shown 50 per cent increase over the last few days. “But this is nothing compared with the potential of trade with the Central Asian republics. Peace in Afghanistan will transform the entire region,” he said.

Ghotki incident

The prime minister condemned in the strongest terms acts of vandalism against Hindus in Ghotki and said such acts were against the Constitution, the vision of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah and the spirit of Islam which considered minorities as equal citizens. “This is a conspiracy to undermine my visit to the UNGA. This has been done deliberately to sabotage [my address],” he added.

The prime minister accused the opposition of pursuing a one-point agenda of seeking an NRO [deal] and said that the NRO given by former military dictator Gen Musharraf to the leaders of opposition parties had only harmed the country and added more debt to the national exchequer. “I want to make it clear before the entire nation that no matter what happens, we will not give an NRO to anyone,” the prime minister declared.

Published in Dawn, September 19th, 2019

Prime Minister Imran Khan, accompanied by Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi, will visit Saudi Arabia on September 19.

Qureshi, while addressing the All Parties Kashmir Conference organised by PTI Punjab in Lahore, said: "We have important sittings over there. Keeping those sittings at the forefront, we will have to deliberate on further measures."

"I think it is enough to say just this right now," the foreign minister added.

Earlier in the day, Radio Pakistan reported that the premier spoke to Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman over the telephone, and discussed bilateral and regional matters, specifically focusing on the attacks on oil plants in Saudi Arabia.

Prime Minister Imran expressed Pakistan's support for Saudi Arabia and "its full stand with all its potentials in confronting these sabotage acts which threaten the global economy and the kingdom's security".

The attack on plants in the heartland of Saudi Arabia's oil industry, including the world's biggest petroleum-processing facility at Abqaiq, came from the direction of Iran, and cruise missiles may have been used, according to a senior US official. Initial reports indicated the attack came from Yemen, according to Reuters.

This is the third time that the two leaders have spoken over the phone since August, as Prime Minister Imran continues to raise the issue of occupied Kashmir at different platforms.

India on August 5 unilaterally decided to revoke Article 370 of its constitution, which granted special autonomy to occupied Kashmir. A crippling curfew was imposed in the disputed region which has now been in place for 44 days.

Early in September, along with the UAE foreign minister, Saudi Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Adel Ahmed Al Jubeir visited Islamabad as a result of direct telephone calls by the premier to the crown princes of the two countries.

During their visit, Prime Minister Imran Khan highlighted Pakistan's deep concern over the worsening human rights and humanitarian situation in occupied Kashmir.

The family of Nimrita Amarta Maher Chandani — a BDS final-year student at Bibi Aseefa Dental College (BADC) who was found dead in her hostel room in Larkana yesterday — has refuted earlier reports that the student committed suicide and demanded a "transparent investigation" into the circumstances of her death.

Yesterday, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University (SMBBMU) Vice Chancellor Prof Aneela Attaur Rehman had told Dawn that Nimrita was found dead in her room, which was locked. She said that the mobile phone and other belongings of the deceased student, along with other evidence, were taken into custody by police for a forensic analysis. The actual cause of her death has yet to be ascertained, she had said.

Police officials had not stated a cause of death either. A source at the Chandka Medical College (CMC) — where Nimrita's body had been taken after being found in her room — had expressed suspicion that the victim might have committed suicide.

Nimrita's brother Dr Vishal, a medical consultant in Dow Medical College in Karachi, told the media that the marks around her neck suggested that she had not committed suicide. He had further claimed that the marks on her neck looked like those made by cable wires, while the wounds on her arms made it seem like someone was holding her down.

Talking to DawnNewsTV today, Nimrita's uncle said that they wanted an investigation into why her body was kept in CMC's intensive care unit before the family reached the hospital. He accused the doctors of being involved in the "murder" and questioned why a post-mortem examination had not been conducted.

A first information report (FIR) of the incident is yet to be registered. Nimrita's family said they will lodge a complaint with the police once they receive a post-mortem examination report. Police have yet to issue a statement.

Activist Kakoo Ram repeated the allegations of the deceased's uncle and said that Nimrita was a social activist. He demanded that the Larkana administration look into the matter.

Meanwhile, Nimrita was laid to rest in her hometown in Ghotki. The Hindu community in Mirpur Mathelo shut down their businesses and shops in order to mourn her death and register their protest. Social media users also demanded an investigation into her death

Meanwhile, PPP leader Nisar Khuhro told reporters that a post-mortem examination of Nimrita's body has been carried out and that the report would determine whether she was murdered or had committed suicide.

Khuhro said that the police were investigating the case "from all angles" and added that police will take strict action if it turns out to be a murder case.

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متحدہ عرب امارات اور سعودی عرب کے وزرائے خارجہ نے اکٹھے پاکستان کا دورہ کیا اور اعلیٰ سیاسی و عسکری قیادت سے ملاقاتیں کیں۔ ان ملاقاتوں کی اندرونی کہانی یہ سامنے آئی کہ عرب

دوستوں نے پاکستان پر واضح کیا کہ کشمیر پاکستان اور بھارت کے درمیان تنازع ہے، اسے مسلم امّہ کا مسئلہ نہ بنایا جائے۔

اس خبر کو انکشاف کے طور پر نہیں لیا جاسکتا کیونکہ وزیرِ خارجہ شاہ محمود قریشی اور فواد چوہدری پہلے ہی پاکستانیوں کو یہ بات سمجھانے کی کوشش کر رہے تھے اور انہیں یہ بات اعلیٰ سطح کے رابطوں کے دوران سمجھ آچکی تھی۔ وزیرِاعظم عمران خان کی حکومت نے اسی لیے اس خبر پر نہ بُرا منایا اور نہ ہی اس کی تردید کی ضرورت محسوس کی گئی۔

بھارتی وزیرِاعظم نریندر مودی کو اعلیٰ ترین سول اعزاز دینے کے بعد اماراتی وزیرِ خارجہ کا سعودی ہم منصب کے ساتھ پاکستان آنا اہم ہے۔ ایک تو نریندر مودی کو ایوارڈ دینے سے اماراتی شیخوں کے بارے میں پاکستان میں رائے عامہ متاثر تھی دوسری وجہ یہ تھی کہ یہ واضح کیا جائے کہ نریندر مودی کو ایوارڈ دینے سے عرب امارات پاکستان کے ساتھ دشمنی نہیں کر رہا۔ تیسری وجہ اسرائیل فلسطین تنازع پر امریکی صدر کے ’ڈیل آف دی سنچری‘ کے اجرا کی تاریخ کا قریب آنا ہے۔ فلسطین تنازع کو بھی کشمیر کے ساتھ ملا کر دیکھنے کی ضرورت ہے کیونکہ فلسطین پر بھی عربوں کا مؤقف کشمیر کی طرح بدل گیا ہے۔

پاکستان میں اماراتی شیخوں سے متعلق رائے عامہ ہمارے وزیرِ خارجہ شاہ محمود قریشی پہلے ہی ہموار کرچکے ہیں۔ جہاں تک بات ہے دشمنی کا تاثر ختم کرنے کی تو یہ اماراتی شیخوں کی ضرورت بھی ہے اور مجبوری بھی۔ عالمی سچائی کے طور پر ایک محاورہ سفارت کاری کا حصہ ہے کہ اگر تم اپنے حریف کو شکست نہیں دے سکتے تو اس کے شراکت دار بن جاؤ۔

عرب امارات کو سی پیک اور گوادر سے کتنی ہی پرخاش کیوں نہ ہو یہ حقیقت ہے کہ چین سی پیک سے پیچھے ہٹے گا اور نہ ہی گوادر منصوبے کو ناکام ہونے دے گا۔

امارات کو ان دونوں منصوبوں سے ڈر ہے لیکن اسے یہ بھی علم ہے کہ وہ انہیں روکنے کی پوزیشن میں نہیں، اس لیے وہ سفارت کاری کے اس سنہرے اصول پر عمل پیرا ہے۔ امارات پاکستان کو دشمن بنانے کی پوزیشن میں نہیں لیکن بھارت کے ساتھ مفادات بھی جڑے ہیں، اس لیے اس نے واضح کردیا ہے کہ کشمیر کو چھوڑ کر باقی تمام امور پر پہلے کی طرح تعلقات اور تعاون برقرار رہے گا۔

سعودی وزیرِ خارجہ اماراتی ہم منصب کے ساتھ آئے تاکہ وہ ثالثی کا کام کریں۔ سعودی عرب اور امارات یمن جنگ میں حلیف سے حریف بنتے جا رہے ہیں لیکن سعودی عرب اس امید پر امارات کا ساتھ نبھا رہا ہے کہ یمن میں امارات جنوبی یمن کی علیحدگی پسند کونسل کی سرپرستی چھوڑ دے گا۔

اسرائیل میں 17 ستمبر کو ہونے والے انتخابات کے نتائج کے فوری بعد اسرائیل فلسطین امن منصوبے کی نقاب کشائی ہونا ہے۔ امریکی صدر کے نمائندہ خصوصی برائے مشرق وسطیٰ جیسن گرین بلاٹ کا استعفیٰ اس امن منصوبے میں رکاوٹ نہیں بنے گا بلکہ یہ ایک اشارہ ہے کہ ان کا کام مکمل ہو گیا۔

اسرائیل فلسطین تنازع کے ممکنہ حل کے بعد اسرائیل کو تسلیم کرنے کا سوال بھی سر اٹھائے گا۔ اس کے لیے پہلے ہی سعودی عرب اور پاکستان میں بحث شروع کرائی جاچکی ہے۔ سعودی عرب میں حکومت کے ماؤتھ پیس کی حیثیت رکھنے والے صحافی اسرائیل کو تسلیم کرنے کے دلائل پیش کرچکے ہیں اور رائے عامہ کافی حد تک ہموار کی جاچکی ہے۔

پاکستان میں معروف صحافی اور اینکر کامران خان نے حکومت کا کام آسان کرتے ہوئے اسرائیل سے تعلقات قائم کرنے پر ٹویٹ داغی اور اس کی ٹائمنگ اہم تھی۔ کامران خان ایک دن پہلے کپتان سے ملاقات کرچکے تھے۔ امارات کی طرف سے مودی کو ایوارڈ دیے جانے والے عمل نے بھی پاکستان میں اسرائیل سے تعلقات کی بحث چھیڑنے میں آسانی فراہم کی۔

 

پاکستان میں اسرائیل سے تعلقات کی بحث نئی نہیں۔ 2012ء میں پرویز مشرف نے اسرائیلی اخبار کو انٹریو دیا اور کہا تھا کہ ہم قیامِ پاکستان سے ہی فلسطین کی حمایت کرتے آئے ہیں، لیکن میں حقیقت پسندی اور زمینی حقائق کے جائزے پر یقین رکھتا ہوں، تب سے اب تک بہت کچھ ہوچکا اور پالیسیاں ہمیشہ ایک جیسی نہیں رہتیں۔ کئی عرب ملکوں کے اسرائیل کے ساتھ کھلے یا ڈھکے چھپے تعلقات ہیں، اسرائیل ایک انمٹ حقیقت ہے، پاکستان کو بھی اسرائیل کے بارے میں مؤقف میں تبدیلی لانا ہوگی۔

پرویز مشرف نے اسٹیبلشمنٹ میں پائی جانے والی سوچ کی عکاسی کی تھی۔ اب دوبارہ بحث چھڑی ہے تو شاہ محمود قریشی نے بھی حصہ ڈالا اور کہا کہ عرب امارات کو اپنے قومی مفادات میں فیصلوں کا اختیار ہے، بین الاقوامی تعلقات مذہب سے بالاتر ہوتے ہیں۔ فواد چوہدری نے بھی ٹویٹر بھی ایسا ہی ایک مضمون باندھا۔ عرب دوستوں کی آمد مشرق وسطیٰ میں تبدیل ہوتے اسٹریٹیجک مفادات کے پیش نظر تھی۔ اسرائیل کو تسلیم کرنے کا سوال بھی ان اسٹریٹیجک مفادات میں اہم ہے۔

سعودی ولی عہد محمد بن سلمان تو پہلے سے ہی عوامی جذبات ماپنے پر کام شروع کرچکے ہیں۔ پچھلے سال اٹلانٹک میگزین سے انٹرویو میں سعودی ولی عہد نے کہا تھا کہ سعودی عرب اور اسرائیل کے کئی مشترکہ مفادات ہیں اور اگر خطے میں امن ہوجائے تو اسرائیل اور خلیج تعاون تنظیم کے رکن ملکوں کے بھی مفادات مشترک ہوجائیں گے۔

اس سال فروری میں وارسا میں ہونے والی مشرق وسطیٰ کانفرنس میں اسرائیلی وزیرِاعظم بنجمن نیتن یاہو شریک ہوئے۔ اس کانفرنس کے افتتاحی سیشن میں بحرین اور امارات کے وزرائے خارجہ اسرائیل کی بقا اور اس کے دفاع کے حق میں دلائل دیتے رہے۔ اسرائیلی وزیرِاعظم کے دفتر نے اس گفتگو کی ویڈیو لیک کردی تھی۔ یہ اجلاس بھی عرب ملکوں اور اسرائیل کے درمیان بڑھتی گرم جوشی کی ایک عمدہ مثال ہے۔

عرب امارات، بحرین اور عمان اسرائیل کے ساتھ تعلقات کے حوالے سے کھل کر سامنے آچکے ہیں۔ سعودی عرب نے بھارتی ایئرلائن کو اسرائیل کے لیے فضائی حدود استعمال کرنے کی اجازت دے کر صاف اشارہ دیا ہے۔ مئی میں سعودی عرب نے اسرائیلی عربوں کو سعودی عرب میں قیام اور روزگار کے منصوبے کی منظوری دی۔ اسرائیلی تاجروں کو خصوصی پرمٹ دیے جا رہے ہیں جس کے بعد انہیں پاسپورٹ دکھائے بغیر سعودی عرب داخلے کی اجازت ہوگی۔

سعودی عرب اسرائیل سے گیس کی درآمد کے لیے پائپ لائن منصوبے پر مذاکرات کرچکا ہے۔ یہ پائپ لائن اسرائیل کے بحیرہ احمر پر واقع ساحلی شہر ایلات سے سعودی عرب تک بچھائی جائے گی جو اردن کی خلیج عقبہ سے صرف 40 کلومیٹر کے فاصلے پر ہے۔ اسرائیلی سمندری حدود میں 10 سال پہلے گیس کے بڑے ذخائر دریافت ہوئے لیکن 80 فیصد گیس کا کوئی خریدار نہ ملنے پر یہ ذخائر بے مصرف پڑے ہیں۔ سعودی عرب سستی بجلی کی بڑھتی مانگ کے لیے اس گیس کا بڑا خریدار بن سکتا ہے۔ پھر اسی راستے تیل پائپ لائن بچھا کر سعودی عرب آبنائے ہرمز کا خطرناک راستہ ترک کرکے یورپی ملکوں کو تیل محفوظ اور مختصر راستے سے سپلائی کرسکتا ہے۔

اسرائیلی انتخابی نتائج کے بعد فلسطین امن منصوبے کو زبردستی تھوپ کر اسرائیل سے تعلقات کا جواز پیدا کیا جاسکتا ہے۔ اس پر کام شروع کردیا گیا ہے اور کئی مسلم ممالک مربوط ڈھنگ سے ایک ساتھ اسرائیل کو تسلیم کرنے کے اعلان کرسکتے ہیں۔ اگرچہ امن منصوبے کی کامیابی پر ابھی تک شبہات موجود ہیں لیکن امکانات کا وسیع تر جائزہ شروع کیا جاچکا ہے۔

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